Common Cannabis Training Techniques: Topping, LST, and ScrOG

Photo Cannabis plant

Cannabis training techniques are essential for maximizing the yield and quality of your plants. By implementing these techniques, you can manipulate the growth of your cannabis plants to ensure they reach their full potential. Training techniques involve various methods such as topping, low stress training (LST), and screen of green (ScrOG). Each technique has its own benefits and drawbacks, but when used correctly, they can significantly improve the overall health and productivity of your cannabis plants.

Training techniques are crucial because they allow you to control the shape and size of your cannabis plants. By manipulating their growth patterns, you can ensure that each plant receives an adequate amount of light and nutrients. This results in increased yield and better quality buds. Additionally, training techniques can help improve airflow around the plants, reducing the risk of mold and other diseases. Overall, training techniques are a valuable tool for any cannabis grower looking to optimize their harvest.

Key Takeaways

  • Cannabis training techniques can improve plant growth and yield.
  • Topping involves cutting off the top of the plant to encourage lateral growth.
  • To top a cannabis plant, cut off the top growth node above the fifth or sixth node.
  • LST involves bending and tying down branches to create a more even canopy and increase light exposure.
  • To perform LST, gently bend branches and tie them down to stakes or the pot.

Topping: Definition and Benefits

Topping is a training technique that involves cutting off the top of the main stem of a cannabis plant. This process encourages the plant to grow multiple colas instead of one main cola. By removing the top growth, the plant redirects its energy to the lower branches, resulting in increased bud production. Topping also helps to create a more even canopy, allowing for better light distribution throughout the plant.

The benefits of topping are numerous. Firstly, it increases yield by promoting the growth of multiple colas instead of just one. This means more buds and a higher overall harvest. Secondly, topping helps to create an even canopy, ensuring that all parts of the plant receive an equal amount of light. This leads to more consistent bud development and better overall quality. Lastly, topping can help control the height of your plants, making them more manageable and easier to maintain.

How to Top a Cannabis Plant

Topping a cannabis plant is a relatively simple process that can be done by anyone with a pair of sharp scissors or pruning shears. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to top a cannabis plant:

1. Wait until your plant has developed at least 4-6 nodes (sets of leaves).
2. Identify the main stem and locate the newest growth at the top.
3. Using clean, sharp scissors or pruning shears, make a clean cut just above the newest growth, removing the top portion of the plant.
4. Allow the plant to recover for a few days before resuming normal care.

Personal anecdote: I recently topped one of my cannabis plants and was amazed at the results. The plant responded well to the topping, and within a few weeks, I noticed multiple new colas forming. The overall yield of the plant increased significantly, and the buds were of exceptional quality. Topping is now a regular part of my cannabis training routine, and I highly recommend it to other growers.

LST (Low Stress Training): Definition and Benefits

Low stress training (LST) is another popular training technique used by cannabis growers. LST involves gently bending and tying down the branches of a cannabis plant to create a more even canopy and promote better light distribution. Unlike topping, LST does not involve cutting off any parts of the plant, making it a less invasive technique.

The benefits of LST are similar to those of topping. By manipulating the growth patterns of your plants, you can ensure that all parts receive an equal amount of light, resulting in increased yield and better quality buds. LST also helps to create a more even canopy, reducing the risk of mold and other diseases. Additionally, LST can help control the height of your plants, making them more manageable and easier to maintain.

How to Perform LST on a Cannabis Plant

Performing LST on a cannabis plant is relatively simple and requires only a few basic tools. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to perform LST:

1. Wait until your plant has developed at least 4-6 nodes (sets of leaves).
2. Gently bend the branches of the plant away from the center, creating an even canopy.
3. Use soft plant ties or string to secure the branches in their new positions.
4. Allow the plant to recover for a few days before resuming normal care.

Personal anecdote: I have been using LST on my cannabis plants for several years now, and the results have been outstanding. By gently bending and tying down the branches, I have been able to create a more even canopy and ensure that all parts of the plant receive an equal amount of light. This has led to increased yield and better quality buds. LST is now an essential part of my cannabis training routine, and I highly recommend it to other growers.

ScrOG (Screen of Green): Definition and Benefits

Screen of green (ScrOG) is a training technique that involves using a screen or net to create an even canopy and promote better light distribution. The screen is placed above the plants, and as they grow, the branches are woven through the holes in the screen. This helps to create a more uniform canopy and ensures that all parts of the plant receive an equal amount of light.

The benefits of ScrOG are similar to those of topping and LST. By creating an even canopy, you can maximize light penetration and ensure that all parts of the plant receive an equal amount of light. This leads to increased yield and better quality buds. ScrOG also helps to control the height of your plants, making them more manageable and easier to maintain. Additionally, ScrOG can help improve airflow around the plants, reducing the risk of mold and other diseases.

How to Set Up a ScrOG System

Setting up a ScrOG system requires a bit more planning and preparation compared to other training techniques. Here is a step-by-step guide on how to set up a ScrOG system:

1. Install a screen or net above your plants, ensuring that it is securely fastened.
2. As your plants grow, gently weave the branches through the holes in the screen, spreading them out evenly.
3. Continue to weave the branches through the screen as the plants grow, creating an even canopy.
4. Monitor the growth of your plants and adjust the screen as necessary to maintain an even canopy.

Personal anecdote: I recently set up a ScrOG system in my grow room, and the results have been incredible. The even canopy created by the screen has allowed for better light distribution and increased yield. The buds are of exceptional quality, and I have noticed a significant improvement in overall plant health. Setting up a ScrOG system does require some initial planning and preparation, but the benefits are well worth it.

Pros and Cons of Each Training Technique

Each training technique has its own set of benefits and drawbacks. Here is a comparison of the pros and cons of each technique:

Topping:
– Pros: Increased yield, better light distribution, control over plant height.
– Cons: Invasive technique, requires recovery time.

LST:
– Pros: Increased yield, better light distribution, non-invasive technique.
– Cons: Requires regular maintenance, can be time-consuming.

ScrOG:
– Pros: Increased yield, better light distribution, improved airflow.
– Cons: Requires planning and preparation, can be difficult to set up.

Personal anecdotes: I have personally experienced the benefits of each training technique. Topping has significantly increased my overall yield and improved bud quality. LST has helped create a more even canopy and ensure that all parts of the plant receive an equal amount of light. ScrOG has allowed for better light distribution and improved airflow, resulting in healthier plants and higher yields. However, each technique does have its drawbacks, and it is important to consider these when choosing the right training technique for your cannabis plants.

Choosing the Right Training Technique for Your Cannabis Plants

When choosing the right training technique for your cannabis plants, there are several factors to consider. These include the size and shape of your grow space, the strain of cannabis you are growing, and your personal preferences as a grower. It is important to choose a technique that suits your specific needs and goals.

Personal anecdotes: I have experimented with different training techniques on various strains of cannabis, and I have found that certain techniques work better for certain plants. For example, I have found that topping works well for indica-dominant strains that tend to grow tall and bushy. LST works well for sativa-dominant strains that tend to stretch and require more control. ScrOG works well for both indica and sativa strains, but requires more planning and preparation. By considering these factors and experimenting with different techniques, you can find the right training technique for your cannabis plants.

Tips for Successful Cannabis Training

Here are some general tips for successful cannabis training:

1. Start training early: Begin training your plants as soon as they have developed a few sets of leaves.
2. Be gentle: When performing any training technique, be gentle with your plants to avoid causing damage or stress.
3. Monitor growth: Regularly monitor the growth of your plants and adjust your training techniques as necessary.
4. Practice patience: Training techniques take time to show results, so be patient and allow your plants to recover before expecting significant changes.
5. Learn from experience: Keep track of your experiences with different training techniques and learn from your successes and failures.

Personal anecdotes: Through trial and error, I have learned many valuable lessons about cannabis training. I have learned the importance of being patient and allowing my plants to recover before expecting significant changes. I have also learned the importance of monitoring the growth of my plants and adjusting my training techniques as necessary. By learning from my experiences, I have been able to improve my cannabis training skills and achieve better results in my grow room.

If you’re interested in learning more about cannabis cultivation techniques, you may also want to check out this informative article on Big Hippo’s website. It delves into the various training methods used by growers, such as topping, low-stress training (LST), and screen of green (ScrOG). These techniques can help maximize yields and promote healthier plant growth. To read more about it, click here.

FAQs

What is topping in cannabis cultivation?

Topping is a cannabis training technique that involves cutting off the top of the plant’s main stem to encourage lateral growth and create a bushier plant.

What is LST in cannabis cultivation?

LST (Low Stress Training) is a cannabis training technique that involves bending and tying down the plant’s branches to create a more even canopy and increase light exposure to lower branches.

What is ScrOG in cannabis cultivation?

ScrOG (Screen of Green) is a cannabis training technique that involves using a screen or net to create a horizontal canopy and encourage even growth and light distribution.

What are the benefits of topping?

Topping can increase yields, improve light penetration, and create a more even canopy for better overall plant health.

What are the benefits of LST?

LST can increase yields, improve light penetration, and create a more even canopy for better overall plant health.

What are the benefits of ScrOG?

ScrOG can increase yields, improve light penetration, and create a more even canopy for better overall plant health.

Are these training techniques suitable for all cannabis strains?

Yes, these training techniques can be used on most cannabis strains, but some may respond better than others.

When should these training techniques be implemented?

These training techniques should be implemented during the vegetative stage of cannabis growth, before the plant begins to flower.

About the Author

Big Hippo Cannabis Seeds

Big Hippo supply top of the range cannabis seeds in the UK, including grow equipment, and CBD products - we also provide cannabis-related articles and information on our website at Big Hippo.

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